盖宾结构得以作逻辑主语吗?

匿名用户 2018-09-16 143 句子 逻辑主语 逻辑结构
比如下面这个句子, Were it not for the lights nestled evenly between the trees, I would not be able to walk.把倒装改成正常语序,If it were not for the lights nestled evenly between the trees. I would not be able to walk.之前网上一位老师说, 这里it是形式主语, 介词短语置后(表语位置),前面用形式主语 it+be 构成句子是英语常见的表达方式。正因为用了形式主语的表达方式,才将本属于主语位置上的句子成分放在…
其他回答

介词结构做主语确实有,比如From Yenan to Nanniwan was a three-hour ride on horseback.(疑出自《西行漫记》?)

如果改成It was a three-hour ride on horseback from Yenan to Nanniwan.似乎就没人把from Yenan to Nanniwan当实际主语了……

事实上,从句直接做主语就够奇怪了,完全不明白谓语动词如何进行feature valuation。从句本身没有Φ-features,如果出现在主语位置,让谓语动词这个probe上哪找goal啊,更何况介词短语呢……

热心网民 2018-09-16 17:36:58 0条评论

第一个问题:我觉得 If it were not for ... 这个句型里的 it 不是形式主语,而就是代词做实际主语,指代的是后半句描述的事情,而 for 开头的部分是表语。这类似于 Why was that? It was because ... 里 it 的用法。

第二个问题:It is said that ... 中实际主语提前后,that 不能省略,要说成 That he has come to Beijing is said. 这个句子很别扭,但语法上是正确的。

王赟 Maigo 2018-09-16 17:36:58 0条评论
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