怎一个用the,一个用a。虽然自己选择对了,可由于读起来较通

匿名 2018-05-09 173 定冠词 复数名词 英语
为什么一个用the,一个用a。虽然我选对了,但是是因为读起来较通
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the般用于已经肯定事情、物品实我互相都知道情况才用the般情况第提某物用a第二提用the1、定冠词用a 、an与数词one 同源""意思a用于辅音音素前an则用于元音音素前(1) 表示某类或某事物任何,经用第提某或某物,用定冠词起介绍作用表示i gave him a book yesterday .我昨给本书i am reading an interesting story . 我读则趣故事(2) 表示或事物某种类, 强调整体, 即其代表类a horse is useful to mankind. 马类用(3)定冠词用事物"单位"前,间, 速度, 价格等意义名词前,表示 "每"we often go to school two times a day. 我两校i went to the library once a week at least.(4)定冠词用指某某物,具体说明任何或任何物a boy came to see you a moment ago. 刚才孩找(5)序数词前表示";再":i want to read the story a second time 我想再读遍篇说(6) 表示特定"某":a mr. smith is calling on the phone.位史密斯先电找(7)特定短语表示特定含义与数名词连用:have a good time高兴(8)三餐前修饰语:-mum, what shall we have for lunch?-jiaozi. -oh, what a wonderful lunch! i enjoy it very much.(9)形容词高级前表示"非":lesson nine is a most difficult lesson, but it isn't the most difficult one.(10)定冠词用于某些词组a little / a few / a lot / a type of / a pile / a great many / many a / as a rule / in a hurry / in a minute / in a word / in a short while / after a while / have a cold / have a try / keep an eye on / all of a sudden2.定冠词用定冠词the与指示代词this,that,these,those同源"()" "()些"意思较弱名词连用表示某或某些特定或东西必须加定冠词情形:(1)表示双都明白或物名词前:take the medicine.药吃(2)文提或事名称前:   he bought a house. i've been to the house.买幢房我幢房(3)指世独二事物名词前:   the sunthe skythe moonthe earth(4)与单数名词连用表示类事物: the fox is cunning .狐狸狡猾(5)与形容词或词连用表示类:the rich 富; the living者(6)用序数词形容词高级及形容词onlyverysame等前面:   where do you live? i live on the second floor.住哪我住二层that's the very thing that ineed我需要东西(7)表示"...世纪...代"结构前he began to learn russian in the 1950s.20实际50代始俄语注意:in one's 50s意"某五十岁":he looked quite healthy though he was in his 80s.(8)比较级两种句型: ①表示"越 ......,越......":the lighter, the better. 越轻越② 表示"两者比较......",用定冠词:there are two books on the table. i like the thicker one.(9)用"词+sb.+介词+the+身体部位名称"结构(注意:介词用in/on/by):the ball hit me on the back. 球打(10)表示"计量单位"数名词前(注意:介词用by):the workers are paid by the hour/day/month. 按月付给工工资 .(11)用某些由普通名词构专名词前:the great wall(城)the people's park(民公园)等the people's republic of china华民共the united states  美(12)用表示乐器名词前:  she plays the piano.弹钢琴.the little girl likes to play the violin.孩喜欢拉提琴(13)定冠词用文艺,运场所名称前they are going to the cinema tonight.今晚要影院看电影(14)用姓氏复数名词前表示家:  the greens  格林家(或格林夫妇)(15)位名词前:in the west on the west(16)某些短语in the day, in the morning (afternoonevening), the day after tomorrow ,the day before yesterday, the next morning, in the sky (waterfieldcountry) in the dark, in the rain, in the distance, in the middle (of), in the end, on the whole, by the way, go to the theatre3、零冠词(用定冠词)(1)物质名词前:water is very important . 水非重要(2)抽象名词前: failure is the mother of success. 失败乃功母(3) 复数名词表示或物种类: doctors cure patients. 医治病救.those people are teachers, not students.些师,.(4)关游戏名词前: do you like to play chess?喜欢棋?(5)"by + 交通工具"短语: shall we walk or go by bus? 我乘车步行 ?(6)名名名前通用定冠词:englandmary;(7)份、季节、月份、节、 假、期、星期等表示间名词前加冠词;  we go to school from monday to friday.  我星期星期五都课(8)称呼或表示官衔职位名词前加冠词;  the guards took the american to general lee.   士兵美送李军(9)三餐、球类运名称前加冠词:have breakfastplay chess(10)某些固定词组否冠词意义同:in hospital住院in the hospital医院in bed卧床in the bed床in front of......(外)前面in the front of......(内)前部go to hospital医院看病 go to the hospital医院 (并看病其目)口诀泛指用a/ an单数数;特指用the特the释:1)泛指用a/ an单数数――泛指单数数名词前要用a/ an2)特指用the――特指论数名词单数、复数或数名词前均要用the3)特the――特指则用the包括泛指数名词单数前用a/ an泛指数名词复数前用冠词泛指数名词前用冠词三种情况定冠词:特指双熟悉文已提及世独二序数高级某些专名习语及乐器(1)the用特指谈双都知道某或某些或物前:where is the teacher师哪(2)the用文已提或事物前:i can see a cat. the cat is lucys.我能看见猫猫露茜(3)the用世界独二事物前:the earth goes around the sun.球围绕着太阳转(4)the用序数词或形容词高级前:mike is the tallest of the three boys.迈克三男孩高(5)the用由普通名词构专名词前:the great wall(城)the peoples park(民公园 )等(6)the用些习惯用语或乐器名词前:in the day(白)play the piano(弹钢琴)等用冠词:代词限定名词前专名词数复数名词表泛指科球类三餐饭季节星期月份前颜色语种名称呼习语及衔(1)名词前已作定语用this, that, these, those, my, your, his, her, our, their, some等限定词用冠词:this eraser, her pencil-box, some boxes, those women等(2)泛指数名词前般用冠词:meat, rice, water, bread, tea, milk, juice等(3)复数名词表示泛指用冠词:the people in the room are doctors.房间些医(4)表示科名词前般用冠词:chinese, english, maths, physics, history等三餐饭球类运名词前般加冠词:have breakfast/ lunch/ supper, play basketball/ football等(5)季节、节、星期、月份前用冠词:autumn, summer, winter, spring, teachers day, childrens day, sunday, february等(6)表颜色、语种家名词前用冠词:white, brown, french, australia等(7)表示称呼语名词前及职务、衔名词前用冠词:doctor green is a scientist. 格林博士位科家水湖、球星、山峰、独欧(二)、(足)族球(运)、文章、专:1)水湖:海、洋、海湾、河等都用the;单湖用the,(湖用the);the red sea,the pacific ocean,the persian gulf, the yangtze riverthe great lakes(五湖);lake erie(伊利湖)2)球星:球月亮用the;行星用the: mars,venus;3)山峰:the huangshan mountains(黄山);mount everest(珠穆朗玛峰);mount(or mt.) tai(泰山).4)独欧(偶):独二the earth,the moon,the sun用the;欧洲等七洲用the.europe,africa,asia,north america,south america,antarctica,oceania5)(足)族球(运):种族用the:the indians(印第安);球类运baseball,basketball6)文章:历史性文件用the;说等章节用thethe constitution(宪); chapter one7)专:校放词组前面用the;专名词放词组前面用the;the university of fudan; fudan university
飞翔四方zy 2018-05-09 16:10:52 0条评论
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